From the Worldwide Faith News archives

Year-end wrap-up: Sept. 11 set new work for church

From NewsDesk <NewsDesk@UMCOM.ORG>
Date Tue, 4 Dec 2001 15:57:50 -0600

Dec. 4, 2001  News media contact: Linda Bloom7(212) 870-38037New York

NOTE: For photographs to accompany this story, editors can visit the UMNS
photo gallery at online.

A UMNS Report
By Linda Bloom*

In the year 2001, one terrible day stood apart from all others.

Steve Gill, a member of Mamaroneck (N.Y). United Methodist Church, would
never forget escaping from a restaurant in the base of the World Trade
Center's second tower, then watching from a nearby road as the second
hijacked airplane rammed into the tower.

Larry McGaughey, a corporate lawyer for the United Methodist New York Annual
Conference whose office was nearby, saw people jumping from high windows in
a hopeless attempt to escape the flames and witnessed the collapse of the
first tower as he walked across the Brooklyn Bridge.

Churches in Manhattan tended to the "walking wounded," both ash-covered
individuals who had fled from downtown in terror and those simply in shock
from the unprecedented attack on their city and country. Washington Square
United Methodist Church in Greenwich Village, for example, set up food,
water and cots for passersby, while pastors at Park Avenue Church and the
Church of St. Paul and St. Andrew took to the streets to invite people in to
pray and talk.

United Methodist leaders in New Jersey immediately planned special training
sessions for their pastors to help them provide spiritual leadership and
comfort to those affected by the tragedy.

Washington and Virginia churches, reacting to the terrorist strike against
the Pentagon, threw open their doors to provide comfort stations, places for
prayer and assistance to stranded travelers.

In Pennsylvania, staff and volunteers at United Methodist Camp Allegheny --
near the site where a plane crashed after passengers struggled with
terrorists - provided food, drink and ice to emergency workers, law
enforcement personnel and news reporters.

As the Rev. James Law, pastor of Chinese United Methodist Church in lower
Manhattan, reminded participants in a New York Conference remembrance
service: "I remember Jesus wept when Lazarus was found dead. If Jesus wept
for one individual, I'm convinced Jesus wept on 9/11."

So while other events and issues commanded the attention of the United
Methodist Church before Sept. 11, their importance seemed somewhat
overshadowed in a world gripped, at least temporarily, by fear and horror.

In the wake of tragedy

As members of a global tradition with a strong connectional structure,
United Methodists and other Methodists worldwide felt the impact of the
Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. Messages of concern and support to U.S. church
members, mostly via e-mail, arrived quickly from British Methodist Church
officials; members of the European Methodist Council, meeting in Moscow; the
seven-member college of Methodist bishops in Brazil; the United Methodist
bishop of Mozambique; Korean Methodists and many others.

Immediately following the attacks, the United Methodist Council of Bishops
issued a call to prayer in a "time of national grief and sorrow." Later, the
bishops expanded that call into a pastoral letter. Bishop Joe E. Pennel Jr.
of the church's Richmond (Va.) Area, was among two dozen religious leaders
invited to talk and pray with President Bush several hours before a Sept. 20
address to the nation.

Across the country, local churches held impromptu worship services and
offered their sanctuaries for prayer as Americans tried to comprehend the
tragedy. By coincidence, the denomination had launched a long-planned media
campaign on Sept. 4 welcoming visitors to local churches with "open hearts,
open minds, open doors." 

United Methodist Communications, the agency coordinating the Igniting
Ministry campaign, quickly changed the narration of one of the television
ads to suggest that at a time of grief and sorrow, strength can be found in
a local church community. Another television spot broadcast on CNN in late
October and early November urged people to pray for safety, justice and a
"change in angry hearts."

By the end of the week of Sept. 11, the United Methodist Publishing House
and churchwide Board of Discipleship had made special resources, both for
worship and discussion purposes, available online for local congregations to

United Methodist chaplains were involved from the beginning, when the Rev.
Dale White, a U.S. Navy chaplain, and the Rev. Terry Bradfield, an Army
chaplain, were among those ministering at the Pentagon crash site. Pastors
of churches near military bases also intensified efforts to reach out to
military personnel and their families. In many locations, chaplains and
pastoral counselors helped people deal with grief, trauma and ongoing
anxiety resulting from the terrorist attacks.

The United Methodist Committee on Relief (UMCOR) responded to Sept. 11 on
local, national and international levels and as of Nov. 3 had raised $5.3
million through its "Love in the Midst of Tragedy" fund. UMCOR officials
expected to draw up a three- to five-year comprehensive response plan by the
end of the year.

In New York, UMCOR and the local conference opened a series of "listening
posts" in selected Manhattan churches to serve as counseling and referral
centers for those struggling with the trauma of the terrorist attacks. Some
volunteers, such as the Rev. Chuck Ferrara, a former New York police officer
serving as a Connecticut pastor, also interacted with emergency workers and
those present at "ground zero." Native Americans from Oklahoma arrived to
reach out, in particular, to Native American workers there.

In Washington, UMCOR was a co-sponsor, with the United Methodist
Baltimore-Washington Conference and the Renaissance Hotel, of an Oct. 19-21
retreat on healing. Nationally, the agency began its "Honoring Differences
in the Midst of Hate and Violence" grant program to encourage innovative
joint projects with Islamic and Arab-American organizations and other groups
of people who may be experiencing hostility and stereotyping. Child-related
workshop provided training at district and conference levels for those
working with children.

To assist the people of Afghanistan, suffering from hunger and oppression,
United Methodists offered support through Church World Service, which has
had a presence in nearby Pakistan for many years. UMCOR's relief project in
Tajikistan, another country bordering Afghanistan, also assisted refugees
along the border.

Many United Methodists, including the members of the denomination's
Commission on Christian Unity and Interreligious Concerns, cautioned
Americans against stereotyping all Muslims because the perpetrators of the
Sept. 11 attacks were Muslim. The Rev. Bruce Robbins, the commission's chief
executive, noted that "Muslims are nearly all faithful people of one of the
great religious traditions in the world." During their October meeting in
Los Angeles, commission members issued a joint statement with the Islamic
Center of Southern California, affirming a "common commitment to living
together, under God, in the unity of mutual respect and compassion."

On the political front

United Methodists made new White House connections in 2001. When George W.
Bush became president on Jan. 20, he was only the third president officially
recognized as a Methodist upon taking the oath of office. Among the United
Methodists filling positions in his administration were Donald Evans,
secretary of commerce, an active member of First United Methodist Church in
Midland, Texas; Norman Yoshio Mineta, secretary of transportation, active in
Wesley United Methodist Church, San Jose, Calif.; and Andrew H. Card Jr.,
chief of staff, a member of Arlington (Va.) Forest United Methodist Church.
His wife, the Rev. Kathleen Card, is an associate pastor at Trinity United
Methodist Church in Arlington.

Another Bush cabinet member, Secretary of State Colin Powell, met in June
with a delegation of church leaders, including United Methodist Bishop Bill
Oden of Dallas. The delegation discussed concerns about the
Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

In August, Jim Winkler, chief executive of the denomination's Board of
Church and Society, applauded President Bush's decision to limit federal
funding of research on embryonic stem cells. In an earlier letter to the
president, Winkler had written that "destroying human embryos for the sole
purpose of carrying on scientific research that promises only the
possibility of potential treatment ... raises profound and disturbing moral
and ethical issues."

The resumption of bombing practice by the U.S. Navy on the Puerto Rican
island of Vieques drew expressions of dismay from the church. Both the
United Methodist Church and the Methodist Church of Puerto Rico support an
end to all military activities on Vieques and the return of the land to the

Two Methodists were among a group arrested and tried for trespassing during
protests on Vieques on Aug. 3. The Rev. German Acevedo-Delgado, a Board of
Global Ministries staff member, was sentenced to a year of probation after
being found guilty. The Rev. Lucy Rosario-Medina, pastor of the Vieques
Methodist Church, also received a year of probation, along with five days in
jail and 150 hours of community work.

Throughout the year, United Methodists spoke out for numerous causes and
groups often marginalized by society. In 2000, the church had called for the
elimination of sports logos considered demeaning to Native Americans, such
as "Chief Wahoo" of the Cleveland Indians baseball team, and in 2001, the
denomination put some money behind the call. The church's Commission on
Religion and Race awarded a $10,000 grant to the Illinois Chapter of the
Coalition on Racism in Sports and Media, which was seeking to remove "Chief
Illiniwek" as a symbol of the University of Illinois sports program.
Complaints about the grant from some church members led to United
Methodist-sponsored discussions about multiracial relationships.

Around the globe

The church's global nature was reinforced when United Methodists joined the
ranks of nearly 4,000 participants in the World Methodist Conference July
25-31 in Brighton, England. Sponsored by the World Methodist Council, with
its 77 member churches in 130 countries, the event included a tribute to the
Rev. Joe Hale, retiring after 25 years as the council's top executive. The
Rev. George Freeman of Virginia succeeded him.

On the African continent, a Board of Global Ministries delegation, led by
the Rev. Randolph Nugent, chief executive, and Bishop Onema Fama of Central
Congo, met in June with Joseph Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic
of Congo. Discussion topics included how the church could further foster
efforts toward peace and reconciliation.

Reconciliation seemed less certain in Zimbabwe, where political unrest and
severe economic problems led to a currency collapse and violent land
disputes between some blacks and white farmers. Concerns about the safety of
staff and infrastructure at United Methodist-related Africa University
impeded fund raising for the school, with a number of major donors delaying
their gifts until the country's political climate improved. However, Africa
University did dedicate a new dormitory and library in the early spring and
broke ground for a new theology building.

In Europe, the country of Macedonia - whose president, Boris Trajkovski, is
a United Methodist layman - became a place of conflict as fighting broke out
between ethnic Albanian rebels and Macedonian security forces. A peace
agreement was signed in August, and parliament approved a new constitution
broadening the rights of the Albanian minority in November.

Methodists in Cambodia can now sing and worship from a new hymnal written in
the Khmer language. The volume, composed mainly of songs reflecting the
Cambodian culture, was a collaboration of the United Methodist Church,
Korean Methodist Church, Methodist Church in Singapore, Methodist Church in
Malaysia and Wesleyan Church.

After two major earthquakes struck El Salvador early in the year, United
Methodists and Puerto Rican Methodists joined with other denominations in
relief and rebuilding work there.

Leadership changes

The need to fill two bishops' positions resulted in special elections during
2001. For the first time ever, the Southeastern Jurisdiction called a
special session in February to elect a replacement for Bishop Cornelius
Henderson, who had died the previous December. The Rev. Timothy W. Whitaker,
52, superintendent for Norfolk, Va., won on the 17th ballot. In the
Philippines, the Rev. Solito "Sol" Kuramen Toquero, who had been serving in
Hong Kong, was elected bishop April 17 during a special session of the
Philippines Central Conference.

The issue of who should elect the top executives of United Methodist
agencies, and whether and how long they should remain beyond a 12-year term
limit, was discussed twice during the year by the General Council on
Ministries. Council members decided in October to extend for another year
the tenure of the Rev. Randolph Nugent, who has led the Board of Global
Ministries since 1981. They also elected the Rev. Jerome Del Pino as the new
chief executive of the Board of Higher Education and Ministry.

Some United Methodist agencies undertook belt-tightening measures as the
weakened U.S. economy hurt church income. In early October, the Board of
Global Ministries reduced its staff by about 20 percent, citing the need to
cut spending in the face of the stock market decline, an anticipated drop in
church giving and unexpected program expenses. Higher Education and
Ministries directors, meeting the same month, voiced concern that reduced
funding, combined with the cost of new program initiatives, could bring
their agency's reserve funds dangerously low within the next few years. A
six-member finance team was created to find possible solutions.

On the docket

The most publicized-issue confronting the Judicial Council this year
involved two Pacific Northwest pastors, the Rev. Karen Dammann and the Rev.
Mark Edward Williams, who had both announced their same-gender sexual
orientation. Dammann said she was living in a covenanted relationship with
another woman, and Williams said he was a practicing gay man. Neither pastor
then received an appointment by Bishop Elias Galvan of Seattle. But the
bishop did ask the Judicial Council, the church's supreme court, to rule on
possible contradictions within the church's Book of Discipline.

One rule states that a "self-avowed practicing homosexual" may not be
accepted as a candidate for ordained ministry, become clergy or, if a
pastor, be appointed to serve a congregation. Another rule guarantees
ministerial appointment to all clergy in good standing.

Meeting in October, the Judicial Council said the rules are not
contradictory and that declaring involvement in a same-sex relationship was
enough to warrant review of a pastor's standing within the denomination.
However, the council also said that a bishop cannot take unilateral action
to deny an appointment but must follow the "fair and due process" of a
review proceeding. That process includes the right of trial by committee and
of appeal.


Three retired United Methodist bishops died during 2001: Prince Albert
Taylor, 94, on Aug. 15 in Somers Point, N.J.; Ernest A. Fitzgerald, 76, on
Sept. 27 in Winston-Salem, N.C.; and Paul Locke Granadosin, 76, on Oct. 4 in
Manila, Philippines.

Other church-related deaths included the Rev. Charles Leon Smith Jr., 82, a
marriage and family educator, on Jan. 23 in Nashville, Tenn.; the Rev.
Dennis Fletcher, 91, a longtime mission agency staff member who helped
establish the Black College Fund, on Jan. 28 in Englewood, N.J.; and Odette
Kennedy, 83, a major benefactor for Africa University, on April 10 in
Florence, S.C.

Also, John W. English, 68, a leader of the United Methodist Board of Pension
and Health Benefits, on March 27 in Sarasota, Fla.; and William Randolph
"Randy" Smith Sr., 72, chairman of the United Methodist Publishing House
board, on May 8 in Kerrville, Texas; 

Also noteworthy 

Other highlights of 2001 included:

7	The appointment of the Rev. Rebecca Chopp, a United Methodist
scholar of Christian theology, as the 13th dean of Yale Divinity School, the
first woman to hold that position.
7	Celebration of the 50th anniversary of the US-2 program, which
offers young adults the chance to work on justice and peace issues.
7	Celebration of the 20th anniversary of the Lina McCord Intern
Program for United Methodist college students from historically black
7	Introduction of a songbook, The Faith We Sing, which includes a
variety of worship traditions from different cultures and can be used as a
supplement to the United Methodist Hymnal.
7	Selection of Fort Worth, Texas, as the site of the 2008 United
Methodist General Conference.
7	The start of a new round of dialogue between the United Methodist
Church and Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.
# # #

*Bloom is director of United Methodist News Service's New York office.

United Methodist News Service
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