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ACNS3233 A message from the Primate of Canada regarding
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Wed, 18 Dec 2002 23:19:06 -0000
ACNS 3233 | CANADA | 18 DECEMBER 2002
A message from the Primate of Canada regarding residential schools
The past few weeks have marked a watershed in the life of the Anglican
Church of Canada. Beginning with the announcement of an agreement with the
Government of Canada as to how validated claims of sexual and physical abuse
in Indian Residential Schools would be apportioned, we are now in a period
of discernment and decision together. In each diocese, a process is, or will
be, in place to decide the diocesan response to our national responsibility.
Let me offer some background and interpretation for this time of discernment
and decision in dioceses and congregations, and for your own reflection as
an Anglican and a member of Christ's body.
From 1820 to 1969, the Anglican Church of Canada was involved in residential
with a few bad people in it, but a deeply flawed system with many good
Church in Canada began to assume those contracts. In the words of the Bishop
schools. In 1911, the first contracts were signed between the Government of
in justice, solidarity, and mutuality.
people in it. In 1969 we abandoned participation in the schools, and began
of Keewatin, a person with experience of the schools decades ago and a
Canada and a number of dioceses. In 1921, the Missionary Society of the
partner in dialogue with many former students, this was not a good system
to forge a new relationship with aboriginal Canadians that would be rooted
More than twenty years later, former students of the schools began to come
forward, alleging abuse at the hands of those in authority in the schools.
Those allegations have prompted our church to come to terms with two painful
realities. First, our partnership with the government in seeking the
assimilation of aboriginal Canadians was itself a profound error. Second,
some within the schools used their power to take advantage of the
vulnerability of children.
Rowan Williams, the Archbishop of Canterbury, defines "remorse" as the
discovery that we do not control the telling of our stories - that we play
unflattering and sometimes destructive roles in the stories of others. In
the stories of aboriginal Canadians, we hear that our actions were not noble
and our impact was not life-giving.
Remorse is hard for us. We did not intend to collaborate in undermining the
well being of children. We did not intend to foster a climate in which
predators could assault the vulnerable. We did not intend to contribute to a
rift between aboriginal and non-aboriginal Canadians. Yet we did all those
In 1969, we embraced another way of understanding and telling the story of
our relationship with indigenous peoples. Together with them, we began to
look for a better way. In the past decades, signs of that better way have
begun to emerge. For example, the report of the Royal Commission on
Aboriginal Peoples identifies a unique and vital contribution that churches
can make: "Of all the non-governmental institutions in Canadian society,
religious institutions have perhaps the greatest potential to foster
awareness and understanding between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people."
In November, the Anglican Church of Canada and the Government of Canada
reached an agreement on a settlement of validated claims of sexual and
physical abuse in schools administered by the Anglican Church. We are asking
each diocese to consider the proposed agreement, and to make a financial
commitment to the settlement fund. The proposed settlement with the
Government of Canada allows us to proceed with integrity along "a better
way." We have not evaded our responsibility within the legal structures and
systems that our nation has established to deal with such claims. We have
acknowledged both our part in the damage that was done and the many good and
generous people who - in a deeply flawed arrangement - acted humanely. We
are involved in significant explorations with the indigenous constituencies
of the Anglican Church of Canada as to how we can, together, live up to the
potential identified in the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples.
It was "our people" - people who share with us a faith, a church, and a
tradition - who suffered in the residential schools. In the Anglican Church
of Canada, there are whole dioceses in which the majority of our members are
aboriginal Canadians. As we continue the hard work of fashioning a church
that brings us all together for mission, we can bear witness to the
possibility of reconciliation in a nation in which the divide between
aboriginal persons and communities and the dominant culture seems to widen
with each passing year.
This settlement is not about "getting out of" anything. It is instead a way
of getting more deeply into the healing and reconciliation by which we can
both strengthen our own common life and extend that life into mission in our
I am profoundly encouraged by the way in which dioceses and their members
have begun to address the challenge before us. Several dioceses have already
ratified the agreement, and the others have a clear process in mind for
coming to a decision. At least four of the dioceses that have ratified the
agreement had no formal relationship with any of the schools, and therefore
no legal liability. That we recognize both a common "moral liability" and a
common vocation to ministry and mission in our society, whether or not we
are directly and legally affected by the schools issue, is surely one of the
strengths of this Anglican Church of Canada.
In the months and years ahead, I believe we can use that strength to serve
our society and all its members. Because we bear witness not only to the
deep flaws of our past, but also to the deep need for healing and
reconciliation in our present, we are poised to contribute to a crucial
process of discernment for a Canadian society in search of a humane future.
Because we are entering more deeply into the spirit of partnership between
aboriginal and non-aboriginal persons and communities within our church, we
are poised to contribute to the emergence of a similar sense of partnership
within Canadian society as a whole.
For reasons of our common life, and for reasons of our common mission within
Canadian society, I profoundly hope that we will all be able not only to
support and contribute to this settlement, but also to celebrate the
possibilities it opens up for us all.
Michael G Peers
Archbishop and Primate
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