From the Worldwide Faith News archives www.wfn.org
Baha'i News: Lives of service: Profiles of seven imprisoned Baha'is
"Brad Pokorny" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Thu, 12 Feb 2009 14:33:48 -0500
Lives of service: Profiles of seven imprisoned Baha'is
>Baha'i World News Service
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Lives of service: Profiles of seven imprisoned Baha'is
GENEVA 12 February 2009 (BWNS) - The following are a series of short
biographical profiles of the seven Baha'i leaders currently being held in
Evin prison in Iran. Six were arrested in their homes in Tehran on 14 May
2008. A seventh had been arrested earlier, on 5 March 2008, while visiting
As the profiles will show, all have served Iranian society and also the
Baha'i community extensively. As well, like most Iranian Baha'is, they have
all experienced varying degrees of persecution since the Islamic Republic of
Iran was established in 1979.
Their current imprisonment is particularly alarming because of their
leadership position as members of a national-level coordinating group known
as the "Friends in Iran." All Baha'i elected and appointed institutions were
banned by the government some 30 years ago, following the Islamic
revolution. In the absence of a national governing council ("National
Spiritual Assembly"), the "Friends in Iran" was then formed with the full
knowledge of the government and since then has served as an ad hoc
coordinating body for the 300,000 Baha'is in that country. The various
governments in power in Iran since then have always been aware of the
Friends in Iran; in fact, over the years the government has routinely had
dealings with the members of the Friends, albeit often informally.
The seven people arrested last spring constitute the entire current
membership of the Friends, which is one reason their sweeping arrests are so
alarming. All have been held without official charges, although a report
this week from the semi-official ISNA news agency said the cases would be
sent to the revolutionary courts with accusations of "espionage for Israel,
insulting religious sanctities, and propaganda against the Islamic
In these profiles, there are a number of references to the Baha'i Institute
for Higher Education (BIHE). The BIHE was established by Baha'is in the late
1980s as an alternative institution of higher education after Baha'i youth
were banned from public and private universities in Iran in the early 1980s.
Accordingly, many of the Friends or their family members received education
from the BIHE or its adjunct, the Advanced Baha'i Studies Institute (ABSI),
or they have contributed to its work as lecturers or instructors.
In recounting the voluntary service these individuals rendered to the Baha'i
community, there are also references to various institutions, such as
national or local governing councils, known as Spiritual Assemblies, various
committees, or the Auxiliary Board, which comprises a group of individuals
appointed to inspire, encourage, and promote learning. Most of these
institutions have since been banned or dissolved in Iran because of
The Friends are listed in alphabetical order by their last name.
Mrs. Fariba Kamalabadi - arrested 14 May 2008 at her home in Tehran
Fariba Kamalabadi, 46, a developmental psychologist and mother of three, was
denied the chance to study at a public university as a youth because of her
Baha'i belief. Because of her volunteer work for the Baha'i community, she
was arrested twice in recent years and held for periods of one and two
months respectively before her arrest and imprisonment last May.
Mrs. Kamalbadi was born in Tehran on 12 September 1962. An excellent
student, she graduated from high school with honors but was nevertheless
barred from attending university. Instead, in her mid-30s, she embarked on
an eight-year period of informal study and ultimately received an advanced
degree in developmental psychology from the Baha'i Institute of Higher
Education, an alternative institution established by the Baha'i community of
Iran to provide higher education for its young people.
Mrs. Kamalabadi married fellow Baha'i Ruhollah Taefi in 1982. They have
three children. Varqa Taefi, about 24, received a doctoral degree in
political science and international relations in the United Kingdom and is
currently continuing his research in China. Alhan Taefi, 23, has studied
psychology at ABSI. Taraneh Taefi, 14, is a junior high school student in
Mrs. Kamalabadi's experience with persecution extends beyond her immediate
situation. Her father was fired from his job as physician in the government
health service in the 1980s because he was a Baha'i, and he was later
imprisoned and tortured.
Mr. Jamaloddin Khanjani - arrested 14 May 2008 at his home in Tehran
Jamaloddin Khanjani, 75, is a once-successful factory owner who lost his
business after the 1979 Islamic revolution because of his belief in the
Baha'i Faith - and who then spent most of the 1980s on the run under the
threat of death from Iranian authorities.
Born 27 July 1933 in the city of Sangsar, Mr. Khanjani grew up on a dairy
farm in Semnan province and never obtained more than a high school
education. Yet his dynamic personality soon led to a successful career in
industrial production - and as a Baha'i leader.
In his professional career, he has worked as an employee of the Pepsi Cola
Company in Iran, where he was a purchasing supervisor. He later left Pepsi
Cola and started a charcoal production business. Later he established a
brick-making factory, which was the first automated such factory in Iran,
ultimately employing several hundred people.
In the early 1980s, he was forced to shut down that factory and abandon it,
putting most of his employees out of work, because of the persecution he
faced as a Baha'i. The factory was later confiscated by the government.
In his career of voluntary service to his religious community, Mr. Khanjani
was at various points a member of the local spiritual assembly of Isfahan, a
regional level Auxiliary Board member, and, in the early 1980s, a member of
the so-called "third" National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of Iran - a
group that in 1984 saw four of its nine members executed by the government.
After that, Mr. Khanjani was able to establish a mechanized farm on
properties owned by his family. Nevertheless, authorities placed many
restrictions on him, making it difficult to do business. These restrictions
extended to his children and relatives, and included refusing loans, closing
their places of business, limiting their business dealings, and banning
travel outside the country.
Mr. Khanjani married Ms. Ashraf Sobhani in the mid-1950s. They have four
children. Farida Khanjani, 51, is a chiropractor working in China. Maria
Khanjani, about 49, an artist who is married with two children and residing
in Tehran. Mr. Alaeddin Khanjani, about 48, an optometrist residing in
Tehran, who is married with two children. And Mrs. Emilia Khanjani, about
45, who is married with two children and resides in Tehran.
Mr. Khanjani was arrested and imprisoned at least three times before his
current incarceration. After years on the run, he was arrested and
imprisoned for two months in the late 1980s. During this period of
detention, he was intensely questioned. During those interrogations,
however, he was able to make considerable headway in convincing authorizes
of the non-threatening nature of the Baha'i Faith and he, along with many
others, were subsequently released.
Mr. Afif Naemi - arrested 14 May 2008 at his home in Tehran
Afif Naemi, 47, is an industrialist who was unable to pursue his dream of
becoming a doctor because as a Baha'i he was denied access to a university
education. Instead, he diverted his attention to business, one of the few
avenues of work open to Baha'is, taking over his father-in-law's blanket and
He was born on 6 September 1961 in Yazd. His father died when he was three
and he was raised in part by his uncles. While still in elementary school,
he was sent to live with relatives in Jordan and, although he started with
no knowledge of Arabic, he soon rose to the top of his class.
He has long been active in volunteer Baha'i service. He has taught Baha'i
children's classes, conducted classes for adults, taught at the BIHE, and
been a member of the Auxiliary Board, an appointed position which serves
principally to inspire, encourage, and promote learning among Baha'is.
He married Ms. Shohreh Khallakhi in the early 1980s. They have two sons,
Fareed Naimi, 27, who is married and a graduate of the ABSI, and Sina Naimi,
22, who has studied music.
Mr. Saeid Rezaie - arrested 14 May 2008 at his home in Tehran
Saeid Rezaie, 51, is an agricultural engineer who has run a successful
farming equipment business in Fars Province for more than 20 years. He is
also known for his extensive scholarship on Baha'i topics, and is the author
of several books.
Born in Abadan on 27 September 1957, Mr. Rezaie spent his childhood in
Shiraz, where he completed high school with distinction. He then obtained a
degree in agricultural engineering from Pahlavi University in Shiraz,
attending with the help of a scholarship funded from outside the country.
In 1981, he married Ms. Shaheen Rowhanian. They have three children, two
daughters and a son. Martha, 24, is studying library science. Ma'man, 21, is
studying architecture. Payvand, 12, is in his second year of middle school.
Mr. Rezaie has actively served the Baha'i community since he was a young
man. He taught Baha'i children's classes for many years, and served the
Baha'i Education and Baha'i Life Institutes. He was also a member of the
National Education Institute.
He is a scholar and an author, and he has served as an academic adviser to
During the early 1980s, when persecution of Baha'is was particularly intense
and widespread, Mr. Rezaie moved to northern Iran and worked as a farming
manager for a time. Later he moved to Kerman and worked as a carpenter and
at other odd jobs in part because of the difficulties Baha'is faced in
finding formal employment or operating businesses.
In 1985, he opened an agricultural equipment company with a Baha'i friend in
Fars Province. That company prospered and won wide respect among farmers in
He has experienced various forms of persecution for his Baha'i belief,
including an arrest and detention in 2006 that led to 40 days in solitary
His two daughters were among 54 Baha'i youth who were arrested in Shiraz in
May 2006 while engaged in a humanitarian project aimed at helping
underprivileged young people. They were later released but three of their
colleagues were sentenced to four years in prison on false charges and are
currently incarcerated in Shiraz.
Mrs. Mahvash Sabet - arrested in Mashhad on 5 March 2008
Mahvash Sabet, 55, is a teacher and school principal who was dismissed from
public education for being a Baha'i. For the last 15 years, she has been
director of the Baha'i Institute for Higher Education, which provides
alternative higher education for Baha'i youth. She also served as secretary
to the Friends.
Born Mahvash Shahriyari on 4 February 1953 in Ardestan, Mrs. Sabet moved to
Tehran when she was in the fifth grade. In university, she studied
psychology, obtaining a bachelor's degree.
She began her professional career as a teacher and also worked as a
principal at several schools. In her professional role, she also
collaborated with the National Literacy Committee of Iran. After the Islamic
revolution, however, like thousands of other Iranian Baha'i educators, she
was fired from her job and blocked from working in public education.
It was after this that she became director of the BIHE, where she also has
taught psychology and management.
She married Siyvash Sabet on 21 May 1973. They have a son, Masrur Sabet, 33,
and a daughter, Nega Sabet, 24, both born in Hamadan.
While all of the other Friends were arrested at their homes in Tehran on 14
May 2008, Mrs. Sabet was arrested in Mashhad on 5 March 2008. Although she
resides in Tehran, she had been summoned to Mashhad by the Ministry of
Intelligence, ostensibly on the grounds that she was required to answer
questions related to the burial of an individual in the Baha'i cemetery in
Mr. Behrouz Tavakkoli - arrested 14 May 2008 at his home in Tehran
Behrouz Tavakkol, 57, is a former social worker who lost his government job
in the early 1980s because of his Baha'i belief. Prior to his current
imprisonment, he has also experienced intermittent detainment and harassment
and, three years ago, he was jailed for four months without charge, spending
most of the time in solitary confinement.
Born 1 June 1951 in Mashhad, Mr.Tavakkoli studied psychology in university
and then completed two years of service in the army, where he was a
lieutenant. He later took additional training and then specialized in the
care of the physically and mentally handicapped, working in a government
position until his firing in 1981 or 1982.
Mr. Tavakkoli married Ms. Tahereh Fakhri Tuski at the age of 23. They have
two sons, Naeim and Nabil. Naeim, 31, currently lives in Canada with his
wife where he works as a civil engineer. Nabil, 24, is currently studying
architecture at the Baha'i Institute for Higher Education
Mr. Tavakkoli was elected to the local Baha'i governing council in Mashhad
in the late 1960s or early 1970s while a student at the university there,
and he later served on another local Baha'i council in Sari before such
institutions were banned in the early 1980s. He also served on various youth
committees, and, later, during the early 1980s he was appointed to the
Auxiliary Board. He was appointed to the Friends group in the late 1980s.
To support himself and his family after he was fired from his government
position, Mr. Tavakkoli established a small millwork carpentry shop in the
city of Gonbad. There he also established a series of classes in Baha'i
studies for adults and young people.
He has been periodically detained by the authorities. Among the worst of
these incidents was three years ago when he was held incommunicado for 10
days by intelligence agents, along with fellow Friends' member Fariba
Kamalabadi. He was then held for four months and during that confinement
developed serious kidney and orthotic problems.
Mr. Vahid Tizfahm - arrested 14 May 2008 at his home in Tehran
Vahid Tizfahm, 37, is an optometrist and owner of an optical shop in Tabriz,
where he lived until early 2008, when he moved to Tehran.
He was born 16 May 1973 in the city of Urumiyyih. He spent his childhood and
youth there and, after receiving his high school diploma in mathematics, he
went to Tabriz at the age of 18 to study to become an optician. He later
also studied sociology at the Advanced Baha'i Studies Institute (ABSI).
At the age of 23, Mr. Tizfahm married Furuzandeh Nikumanesh. They have a
son, Samim, who is now nine years old and in the fourth grade.
Since his youth, Mr. Tizfahm has served the Baha'i community in a variety of
capacities. At one time he was a member of the Baha'i National Youth
Committee. Later, he was appointed to the Auxiliary Board, an advisory group
that serves to uplift and inspire Baha'i communities at the regional level.
He has also taught local Baha'i children's classes. He was appointed to the
Friends in 2006.
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